Bronze gilding figure for fasting and purification
The bronze figure was hung on the courtyard or hall such as the Gate of Heavenly Purity before the ceremony. It helped to restrain the emperor and the clergy for sacrifice to be careful about their acts.
Abstinence plaques and Pendants for fasting and purification
Pendants with all kinds of shape and materials were worn in accompany with their masters or hung on the living room. They were used to remind the dutiful son’s daily food, drink and movement.
Sacrificial record for fasting and purification
Frequent sacrifice made the people tired while little salute was neglect and impolite. So all kinds of ceremonies for ancestors in Ming and Qing Dynasty replaced in turn in the Fengxiandian Hall. The arrangement of time was well distributed.
The name list for salute in the Fengxiandian Hall(reproduction)
It was a record for the salute on duty by turn on April in the 23th year of the Jiaqing Emperor. When the emperor could not did it himself, his crown prince, prince, the 3rd and the 4th rank of the nobility would take the place of him.
Coloring wooden shield
The military dancing boys held them in their left hands when the music were played.
A ceremonial axe used in dancing was held in the military dancing boys’ right hands. It had a black back and the edge of it was always white.
Red lacquer feather of wild birds
This ceremonial instrument had a wooden handle and was held on the right hands of the civil dancing boys. It helped to made the people’s appearance grave.
This historical relics were preserved in the Fengxiandian Hall for the use of the beginning of the music. This wooden instrument was one of the Eight Musical Instruments.
Throne for ancestral tablets
Ancestral tablets were brought from the rear to the front and placed on the thrones for sacrifice. The emperors’ tablets were put on the thrones carved with coiled dragons while the empresses on the phoenixes.
This rectangular covered dish with straight sloping sides was used as a container for cooked cereals. The lid of it was similar to the main body.
Compared with the rectangular Fu, the circular Gui was a bowl with or without cover and ears.It was always used as a container for grain and other foodstuffs.
This goblet made of gold was a tripod cup with projecting lip. Most Jues have two small pillars, a few have one or none. This sparrow-shaped cup was always used to convey greetings to the ancestors by wine.
This vessel in the form of a rhinoceros was used for Sacrifice-offering ceremony in the first month of spring .Wine was put in it and the other forms were used in other seasons. The elephant shaped Zun used in the first month of summer while the cup in autumn and the jar in winter.
This saucer had the same form like Dou and Bian. Compared with the bamboo Bian, we called the Dou made of clay Deng. With the design of sea, key-fret and dragons among clouds, gravy and meat juice were put in it to sacrifice ancestors.
This ladle for serving fluids had a long handle and deep bowl. It helped people to ladle out the Yuquanjiu Wine conveniently to the Jue or Zun.
During the ceremony ,there were one gold Shao and two gold chopsticks placed in front of every tablet.
Before every tablet, the emperor light the joss stick and then the incense coil. This help to link up the human being and the gods.
The Record of the Sacrifice-offering ceremony
It was a name list of the official in the grand sacrifice. The substitute official would take the place of the ones who was away on official trip, completion of mourning period, ill health, vacation, vacancy and so on.